If a product is broad spectrum it contains a range of terpenes and cannabinoids as well as just CBD. It may contain trace amounts of THC but they must be under the 0.2% maximum limit.
The actual absorption rate of the administered dose. Your body won’t absorb all of what you take and bioavailability varies depending on the product type.
CBD is the acronym for cannabidiol, the non-psychoactive and non-addictive part of the hemp plant.
The cannabinoid receptors located in the nervous system of the body, responsible for normal nerve function, pain regulation and inflammation.
CB2 receptors are located in the brain, responsible for normal mood function and memory.
A neurotransmitter in the endocannabinoid system in the human body that binds cannabinoids to allow them to be metabolised and absorbed.
This is the effect used to describe products will a full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes. When combined they can carry a broader range of health benefits, making the effect of CBD more significant.
Products that are labelled full spectrum have all the terpenes found in the hemp plant included which can carry different and unique properties on top of all the benefits you’d get from CBD alone. Full spectrum also contains THC, if this level is above the 0.2% limit it will cannot be sold in the UK.
Hemp broadly refers to the industrial hemp plant. With the latin name of Cannabis Sativa L., it contains naturally high levels of CBD and very low to zero levels of THC.
The oil that’s extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant. Rich in fatty acids and omega 3 and 6 as well as linoleic acid.
Some products are made with CBD isolate, this means the only part of the hemp plant present in them is CBD. None of the other terpenes or cannabinoids will be present which often results in a more neutral flavour and clearer fluid.
Stands for medium chain triglycerides. A form of coconut oil, a popular suspension to carry CBD. With the CBD molecule being fat soluble rather than water soluble, coconut oil makes an ideal way to get a higher quantity of the CBD you take into your system.
A method for administering CBD is small doses throughout the day to maintain steady levels in the system. Often used to have the least physiological impact while still supporting a steady supply of a substance (for example, CBD) to the body.
PG / VG:
PG and VG are acronyms you’ll see on CBD e-liquid bottles that stand for propylene glycol and vegetable glycerin. They’re the ingredients in vape liquid that make vapour and help carry flavour. They’re listed in a PG/VG ratio e.g. 80:20 to to indicate it’s an 80% PG to 20% VG base.
Supercritical CO2 Extraction:
A method used to extract CBD from the hemp plant. Uses heat to gently extract the oil without compromising the organic and structural integrity of the CBD compound.
THC is the acronym for tetrahydrocannabinol, the compound in cannabis that causes a high. The maximum legal amount of THC that can be present in CBD products is 0.2%
Refers to treatments that are applied directly to the skin including creams, oils, balms and gels.
Winterised CBD involves “winterising” of the cannabis plant. The CBD extract is soaked in alcohol then frozen. The aim is to separate the pure CBD from all other residual elements, e.g. waxes, fats, and the chlorophyll that’s natural to the plant.
Vaping CBD e-liquids.
The benefits of CBD e-liquids include the broad range of strengths, flavours and how quickly they act. Their effects can be felt within a few minutes of inhalation, spreading through your body via your respiratory system. They also have the highest bioavailability, with around 50% to 60% of what you inhale being absorbed by your body. You can calculate how much CBD you’ve taken with vaping relatively easily based on the milligrams per millilitre in the e-liquid. They’re an ideal option for people who want to have small, regular doses and will stay in your system for 1 to 3 hours. However, they are less discrete and may not be as convenient as some other options. We also wouldn’t advise anyone under the age of 18 to use vaping as a means to administer CBD.
Tinctures & drops.
The second most quickly absorbed means for taking CBD is tinctures which will start to take effect around 20 to 30 minutes after ingestion. Tinctures also stay in the system for the longest, lasting between four and six hours making them an easy option for people who don’t want to have to dose throughout the day. You can also easily calculate how much is in each serving by calculating the milligrams of CBD per ml of oil. Tinctures have a fairly high bioavailability of 30% - 40%, making them an effective method for people looking to take higher doses of CBD. Drops also work well for relieving both physical and mental conditions and can be used in low doses by children as well.
With so many options to choose from ranging from capsules, gummies and chocolate to teas and drinks, edibles are the most versatile way to administer CBD. Edibles are also a perfect option for those who don’t like the taste of oils or don’t want to use a vape. They make for the easiest way to regulate your CBD dose as most edible options come with a set amount of CBD per serving, typically ranging between 10mg and 18mg per gummy or capsule. They’re a discrete way to dose as well, requiring you to only take a capsule with water or have a few sweets throughout the day. They have a lower bioavailability than vaping and tinctures do, around 4% - 20% is actually absorbed meaning you’ll need to take a higher dose of edibles to achieve the same effect. However, the bonus of edibles in this sense is they’re often broad spectrum meaning other terpenes are included which contribute to the entourage effect. This means you get more of the different cannabinoids from the plant giving a more comprehensive range of benefits. Like tinctures, in regulated and smaller doses, edibles are also suitable for children. Edibles are also a good way to maintain your CBD levels throughout the day to use in conjunction with drops or vaping.
As with edibles, topical CBD treatments come in a broad range of products from creams, gels and balms to patches and oils. They can be used as and when you need them, meaning you don’t need to worry about a specific dosage like you would with tinctures, edibles or vaping. They’re also ideal for using in conjunction with other methods if skin conditions or muscle strain are what you’re trying to treat. Many CBD topicals come in a hemp or coconut oil suspension which are rich in essential fatty acids and omegas 3 and 6. Bioavailability is difficult to determine with topicals as it varies depending on the other ingredients in the product, the concentration and amount used. However, you’ll still be able to enjoy the calming, antiseptic and soothing properties of CBD no matter the product.
Tinctures & drops.
Bottles will generally come with a pipette/dropper which will hold either 0.5mls (in the 30ml bottles) or a full 1ml serving (in the 100ml bottles). The best way to figure out your dosage is by looking at the strength per 1ml then working backwards from there. Generally speaking, most bottles will let you know how much is in 1ml of liquid, but if not, you can use a simple calculation to work it out. Take the total amount of CBD and divide it by the number of mls in the bottle. For example, a 30ml bottle with 500mg of CBD would be 500/30 to give you 16.6mg per ml.
If you want to take around 16mg a day and 1ml holds 16mg, you can have half a dropper full in the morning and half in the evening. While the higher dose bottles cost more, they’re also more potent meaning you often won’t even need a full pipette a day and just get by with a few drops for each serving.
The best way to dose with vaping is similar to how you would would drops. Find how many milligrams of CBD there is in 1ml of e-liquid, from here you can fill your tank accordingly. Most vape tanks or pods will have a 2ml capacity so for example if you had a 10ml bottle of 300mg strength e-liquid:
Start by calculating the milligrams - some bottles may tell you how much CBD you’ll get per ml. If not, take the total volume of CBD (in this case, 300mg) and divide it by the number of millilitres in the bottle. So: 300mg / 10 = 30mg of CBD per 1ml.
- Then, you can figure out how much you’ll need to vape to get your required dose. If you’re looking for a moderate level of CBD, around 50 to 60mg a day you’ll need to vape 2mls to get the required amount.
Edibles are the easiest way to measure and regulate your intake of CBD. Most of the time, each edible will have a set amount of CBD in it meaning you just need to count the number you need to reach your desired dose. Generally speaking, gummies and capsules will contain between 10mg- 18mg each. To get your dose right, if you have gummies with 10mg each for example and want to take 50mg a day, you’ll want to eat 5 to 8 gummies throughout the day. Because edibles have a lower bioavailability it’s often advisable to have slightly more mg with these than you would if you were using drops or vaping. Edibles also have a guide about the maximum amount to take a day which varies depending on the kind of product and strength of CBD they each contain.